Water Conditioners

  • Will protect your pipes from scale buildup.
  • Environmentally friendly
  • salt-free water softeners
  • Saves water: don’t backwash like water softeners. 
  • Doesn’t use salt which saves you time and money.
  • Since minerals are still present you have some issues with well water quality.
  • You will not have the benefit of using less soap and detergents. 
  • How to remove Iron from  water 

    Iron and manganese are removed from water through oxidation, precipitation, and filtration.  Water from underground sources can sometimes have a high concentration of iron and manganese. The iron can be solution form (clear water iron) or in solid form. 

    If we don’t deal with this high concentration of iron and manganese, it brings about annoying problems. When iron and manganese become oxidized they cause staining of sinks, toilets, plates, and cloths.  The exposure of iron to air makes it come off solution form into solid-state.  

    The best method of solving the problem of iron and manganese while it’s still in solution is to oxidize it. There are several ways we can oxidize iron in solution form.

    1) The first method is aeration. You can use an air compressor and inject air which contains oxygen into the flow stream. This causes oxidation and the iron and manganese that is in solution precipitate out of solution. When it comes out of the solution, we can then filter it out using an iron filter.

     2) Chemical oxidation. Here a chemical is used to oxidize iron and manganese from water. Examples of chemical oxidants include potassium permanganate, chlorine, or ozone. The chemical is injected into the well water supply and it causes oxidation to happen. Once the iron has been oxidized it precipitates and is then filtered out by a sediment filter or iron filter.

     

    How to choose the best water softener for well water with iron 

    What’s the Best Water Softener for Well Water? Well, these are the factors you consider when choosing the best water softeners for well water. The first thing you should know is you need a softener that has an iron filter. This is because although water softeners resin is able to capture some of the iron, you need an iron filter especially if you have a high amount of iron. Most modern softening systems come with an iron filter.

    Maintenance of water softener 

    1. Cleaning the Brine Tank

    There comes a time when you need to clean the brine tank of a water softener. This is because salt tends to accumulate at the bottom of the tank and form solid brick which is known as a salt bridge. It’s recommended to clean the brine tank at least once per year. The first step when cleaning the brine tank is to open the lid and use a sharp object to loosen the salt bridge. Use something like a broomstick to shake things up. You should not be too aggressive to avoid damaging the tank. The next step is to flush the tank with water.

    2. Using the best salt for water softeners

    The best water softeners require saltwater to regenerate. There are many brands of water softener salts on the market. The question is which is the best type to use. You should bear in mind that not all types of salt are compatible with some types of water softeners. The type of salt you use affects a number of things like how effective it regenerates and it affects how often you have to clean the brine tank. In addition, the salt you use determines the amount of sodium left in your well water after the softening process. The following are types of salt. 

    3. Cleaning resin bed

    If you have a saltwater softener, you might wonder what you can do to keep your resin bead working optimally. The resin clean scrub the resin and make work like-new condition. It’s recommended that you clean your resin at least once per year. There are many brands of resin cleaners in the market. 

    The most popular one being iron out. You should mix one cup of resin clean with half a gallon of cold water and mix. Take the solution of the resin cleaner and pour it into the brine tank. The next step is to trigger a regeneration cycle. Maintaining your resin bead is very important because it saves you money and protects your plumbing.

    4. Steps in Replacing Resin bed

    To replace resin you need a bag of gravel, a bag of resin, and a water softener funnel. 

    1. The first step is to make sure the new gravel doesn’t have dirt by rinsing it with lots of water. 
    2. Put the water softener into bypass mode. 
    3. Let off the water pressure from the mineral tank. 
    4. Cut off the power supply.
    5. Disconnect the brine hose.
    6. Remove the control head. 
    7. Get the well water inside the mineral tank out.
    8. Take the tank outside and remove the resin. 
    9. Rinse the tank with a hose. 
    10. Place the funnel on top of the mineral tank. 
    11. Put in the gravel first.
    12. Next put in the new resin. 
    13. Put back the control valve and reconnect the water softener.

    How to Properly Size a Water Softener

    To correctly size water softeners you need to know the following things. 

    1. Water hardness levels

    You will need to have your water tested to know the level of hardness. Mineral levels are measured in grains per gallon. For example 10 grains per gallon. 

    2. How much iron is in your water

    This is especially important for people using well water because you will need to compensate for the iron content. For every 1 ppm of iron present, you need to adjust your hardness level by 3 GPG. For example, if you have hardness levels of 8 GPG and 1 PPM of iron, For the purpose of sizing your water softener, you take your hardness to be 8 + 3 = 11 GPG. 

    3. The number of people in the household.

    The number of people in a household determines the amount of water consumed per day. For example,  On average a person consumes 70 gallons of water per day. If you have three people, you need 210 gallons per day. 

    Daily softening requirements = 11 grains per gallon X 210 gallons per day=  2,310

    Water softeners are set to regenerate once per week, so you will need a water softener that will remove 2310  X 7 = 16,170. In this case, you need a softener that can remove up to 16,170 grains of hardness before it requires regeneration. 

    4. The efficiency of the water softener system

    To be on the safe side: You should not take a water softener to be 100% efficient.  Typically most water softeners are efficient at 65%. For this example, you need a 16,170/0.65= 24,877 grains water softener to get the best results. In this case, you can invest in a 25,000-grain water softener. 

    Problems Associated with softeners

    1. Deteriorating water quality

    Ideally, all salt-based water softeners require salt to function. At some point, however, you might find a situation where the system is not working correctly, or rather it is not depleting the salt, and at the same time, the quality of water is worsening.

    A salt bridge causes this. What happens is the molecules on top adhere tightly to form a thick solid in a way that water won’t mix with salt. This solid crust is known as a bridge.

    Generally, when a bridge forms, it will inhibit the ion exchange process. This mainly occurs due to high humidity and adding too much salt in the tank.

    All is not lost nonetheless, since the solution for dealing with a salt bridge it to break up the crust into small chunks. It is crucial to ensure that you have turned off the incoming water.

    2. Blocked water softeners

    Just like the majority of appliances, water softeners also face the risk of accumulation of minerals that creates a blockage, thereby preventing well water from flowing into the softeners. The good thing is that you can quickly fix the blockage by following user guide manuals.

    3. Defective Resin Beans

    The majority of salt-based softeners usually have resin beads installed inside to ensure that the unit is functioning correctly.

     Although this resin is durable, sometimes it gets depleted and hence the need to replace it.

    When the resin starts appearing on the surface of the water, it is an indication that you need to replace is. Another sign that you have a damaged resin bed is when the system regenerates, and you can’t notice the improved quality of water.

    Water softeners frequently asked question

    What’s the meaning of the grain capacity of a water softener?

    Grain capacity in a water softener system means the maximum rated number of grains of water hardness the unit can eliminate before regeneration.

    How do I measure water hardness?

    Generally, the water hardness of water is quantified in grains per gallon (gpg). Which means one grain of hardness is equal to 1/7,000 pounds of rock. The higher the capacity, the more efficient the system.
    Also, to determine your water hardness level, you can purchase a water test kit. If you use local city water, you can call them to find out.

    How do I determine the appropriate water softener for purchase?

    To determine the best water softener size for your home, you can multiply the number of people in your home by the gallons of daily water usage, on average 80 gallons per person. Next, multiply that number by the grains of hardness in your water to figure out the daily number of grains you need to eliminate based on your water usage. There you have an idea.

    What is the meaning of the regeneration process?

    With time, the resin bed inside the water softener tank becomes covered with hardness sediments. And it is, for this reason, the softener goes into its regeneration cycle.
    What happens is, during regeneration, the salt in the tank is combined with incoming water to remove the resin bed of these hardness ions. After that, the system gets ready to deliver safe soft water to your home again.

    Which the best type of salt for use?

    Mainly a clean pellet or nugget-style salt is recommended. However, there are other types of salt available in leading stores for specialized applications.

    How much salt should I add to the water softener system?

    It is advisable to use roughly 3 inches above the water level in the brine tank to achieve the best results. Meanwhile, experts recommend that you endeavor to fill the salt up to around the halfway mark of the brine tank.
    As such, if your brine tank is large, you’ll require a large amount of salt to add to the tank. Usually, the standard tank size is around 9 inches in diameter.

    Conclusion

    In summary, the Best Water Softener for hard water and iron system entirely depends on your taste and preference, as well as the purpose for use. While the majority of users prefer quality over price, others go for price instead of quality.

    Despite your buying preferences, it is essential to do thorough research about the product first by looking at the level of water hardness and your water usage.

    You can begin by setting aside what matters most to you. If you are more on the premium quality, be ready to pay more. Thereafter pick, the top five products to compare and contrast.

    Remember to go through the reviews since they have useful information to you help in making an informed decision. We wish that through this review, you’d find the suitable water softener system, Regardless of your buying preference!

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